Apigenin is a powerful flavonoid that helps fight the signs of aging and supports numerous aspects of health.
- Supports longevity by inhibiting CD38, a harmful enzyme that decreases NAD+ levels
- Provides antioxidant benefits
- Supports mood, heart and brain health
- Enhances sleep quality
Research-Supported Benefits:Supports Longevity. Apigenin has been shown to inhibit CD38, a harmful enzyme that decreases NAD+ levels. Inhibition of CD38 helps keep NAD+ levels stable to support healthy aging processes and reduce the risk of premature aging. (1,2)
Provides Antioxidant Benefits. The aging process and risk of age-related health issues can be accelerated by free radicals. Antioxidants are a way to help curb free-radical activity. Apigenin’s antioxidant properties have been proven to fight free-radical damage, tackle oxidative stress, reduce signs of premature aging and reduce the risk of age-related health concerns. (3)
Promotes Heart Health. Aging can cause changes to heart function and blood vessels. In fact, adults over the age of 65 are more likely to suffer from a heart event compared to younger people. The most common sign of heart health aging is a change to the arteries, which can become stiff, harden and fill with fat deposits leading to high blood pressure. Apigenin can help decrease certain heart health blood markers, reduce blood pressure and improve blood circulation. (4)
Enhances Sleep Quality. Poor sleep quality is associated with accelerated aging. Research indicates that apigenin has a positive effect on sleep. (5,6)
Supports Brain Health. With aging comes symptoms of brain decline such as impaired memory. Apigenin helps protect the brain from damage caused by oxidative stress, which can lead to a decline in cognitive function. Apigenin may increase cognitive function, improve memory formation and enhance overall mental clarity. (7)
Supports Mood. Studies have shown that apigenin can help reduce feelings of anxiety and stress, resulting in improved mood. (8)
Aids in Testosterone Maintenance. Apigenin may support healthy testosterone levels and prevent the decrease in testosterone commonly seen in aging males. (9)
1. Escande C, Nin V, Price NL, et al. Flavonoid apigenin is an inhibitor of the NAD+ ASE CD38: Implications for cellular NAD+ metabolism, protein acetylation, and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Diabetes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609577/. Published April 2013. Accessed February 24, 2023.
2. M; AAZAA. Mitigating effects of apigenin on edifenphos-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptotic cell death in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30910686/. Accessed February 24, 2023.
3. Zhang K, Song W, Li D, Jin X. Apigenin in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and protection of blood vessels. Experimental and therapeutic medicine. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5443212/. Published May 2017. Accessed February 24, 2023.
4. Gao, H. L., Yu, X. J., Hu, H. B., Yang, Q. W., Liu, K. L., Chen, Y. M., Zhang, Y., Zhang, D. D., Tian, H., Zhu, G. Q., Qi, J., & Kang, Y. M. (2021). Apigenin Improves Hypertension and Cardiac Hypertrophy Through Modulating NADPH Oxidase-Dependent ROS Generation and Cytokines in Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus. Cardiovascular toxicology, 21(9), 721–736. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12012-021-09662-1
5. Zhang, K., Song, W., Li, D., & Jin, X. (2017). Apigenin in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and protection of blood vessels. Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 13(5), 1719–1724. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4165
6. Kim, J. W., Kim, C. S., Hu, Z., Han, J. Y., Kim, S. K., Yoo, S. K., Yeo, Y. M., Chong, M. S., Lee, K., Hong, J. T., & Oh, K. W. (2012). Enhancement of pentobarbital-induced sleep by apigenin through chloride ion channel activation. Archives of pharmacal research, 35(2), 367–373. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-012-0218-4
7. Dourado, N. S., Souza, C. D. S., de Almeida, M. M. A., Bispo da Silva, A., Dos Santos, B. L., Silva, V. D. A., De Assis, A. M., da Silva, J. S., Souza, D. O., Costa, M. F. D., Butt, A. M., & Costa, S. L. (2020). Neuroimmunomodulatory and Neuroprotective Effects of the Flavonoid Apigenin in in vitro Models of Neuroinflammation Associated With Alzheimer's Disease. Frontiers in aging neuroscience, 12, 119. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2020.00119
8. Amsterdam JD, Li Y, Soeller I, Rockwell K, Mao JJ, Shults J. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral matricaria recutita (chamomile) extract therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3600416/. Published August 2009. Accessed February 24, 2023.
9. Li W, Pandey AK, Yin X, et al. Effects of apigenin on steroidogenesis and steroidogenic acute regulatory gene expression in mouse leydig cells. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2939222/. Published March 2011. Accessed February 24, 2023.
10. Li, B. S., Zhu, R. Z., Lim, S. H., Seo, J. H., & Choi, B. M. (2021). Apigenin Alleviates Oxidative Stress-Induced Cellular Senescence via Modulation of the SIRT1-NAD[Formula: see text]-CD38 Axis. The American journal of Chinese medicine, 49(5), 1235–1250. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X21500592
11. Ogura, Y., Kitada, M., Xu, J., Monno, I., & Koya, D. (2020). CD38 inhibition by apigenin ameliorates mitochondrial oxidative stress through restoration of the intracellular NAD+/NADH ratio and Sirt3 activity in renal tubular cells in diabetic rats. Aging, 12(12), 11325–11336. https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103410
12. Salehi, B., Venditti, A., Sharifi-Rad, M., Kręgiel, D., Sharifi-Rad, J., Durazzo, A., Lucarini, M., Santini, A., Souto, E. B., Novellino, E., Antolak, H., Azzini, E., Setzer, W. N., & Martins, N. (2019). The Therapeutic Potential of Apigenin. International journal of molecular sciences, 20(6), 1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061305